Starbucks Coffee | Kengo Kuma & Associates
Location of this Starbucks is somehow characteristic, as it stands on the main approach to the Dazaifu Tenmangu, one of the most major shrines in Japan. Established in 919 A.D., the shrine has been worshiped as “the God for Examination,” and receives about 2 million visitors a year who wish their success. Along the main path to the shrine, there are traditional Japanese buildings in one or two stories. The project aimed to make a structure that harmonizes with such townscape, using a unique system of weaving thin woods diagonally.
The building is made of 2,000 stick-like parts in the sizes of 1.3m – 4m length and 6cm section. Total length of the sticks reached as far as 4.4km. We had experimented the weaving of sticks for the project of Chidori and GC Prostho Museum Research Center, and this time we tried the diagonal weaving in order to bring in a sense of direction and fluidity. Three sticks are joined at one point in Chidori and GC, while in Starbucks four steps come to one point because of the diagonal – a more complicated joint.
We solved the problem by slightly changing positions of the fulcrums, dividing the four sticks into two groups to avoid concentration on a single point. Piling up of small parts from the ground was highly developed in the traditional architecture of Japan and China. This time the method was greatly improved in combination with state-of-the art technology so that people are brought further into the architecture. It is a fluid, cave-like space.
architects: Kengo Kuma & Associates
location: 3-2-43 Zaifu, Dazaifu, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan
function: coffee shop
design and supervision: Kengo Kuma & Associates
structural engineering: Jun Sato Structural Engineering
facility design: Tosai Corporation, Kyu-den Ko Corporation
lighting design: Isumi Okayasu Lighting Design
construction: Matsumoto-gumi Corporation
site area: 436.71 m²
built area: 212.98 m²
total floor area: 210.03 m²
height of ceiling: 4,0 m – 1F
maximum height: 5,060 m
structural system: wood (1F)
design period: January 2011 – August 2011
completion period: November 2011
photographs: Masao Nishikawa
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